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21/9/2018  
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EMPLOYMENT
Lowest pay gap in Romania and Italy, highest in Estonia

Women in the EU earned on average 16% less than men in 2016

Gender Pay Gap

In 2016, the unadjusted gender pay gap stood at just over 16% in the European Union (EU). In other words, women earned on average 84 cents for every euro a man makes per hour. Across Member States, the gender pay gap in 2016 ranged from just over 5% in Romania and Italy, to more than 25% in Estonia, followed by the Czech Republic and Germany (both almost 22%).
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On the occasion of International Women’s Day, celebrated each year on 8 March, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, publishes an article on gender pay gap statistics. This News Release only shows a small part of the large amount of gender based data available at Eurostat.

Lowest gender pay gap in Romania and Italy, largest in Estonia The gender pay gap in the EU Member States, in 2016, was less than 10% in Romania (5.2%), Italy (5.3%), Luxembourg (5.5%), Belgium (6.1%), Poland (7.2%), Slovenia (7.8%) and Croatia (8.7%, data for 2014). Conversely, the gender pay gap was over 20% in Estonia (25.3%), the Czech Republic (21.8%), Germany (21.5%), the United Kingdom (21.0%) and Austria (20.1%).

Compared with 2011, the gender pay gap has dropped in most of the EU Member States. The most noticeable decreases between 2011 and 2016 were recorded in Romania (-4.4 percentage points - pp), Hungary (-4.0 pp) Spain and Austria (both -3.4 pp), Belgium (-3.3 pp) and the Netherlands (-3.0 pp). In contrast, the gender pay gap has risen between 2011 and 2016 in ten Member States, with the most significant increases being observed in Portugal (+4.6 pp) and Slovenia (+4.5 pp). At EU level, the gender pay gap has decreased slightly, by 0.6 pp, from 16.8% in 2011 to 16.2% in 2016.

Other issues Employment
Euro area job vacancy rate at 2.1%
Annual growth in labour costs at 2.2% in euro area
Employment up by 0.4% in both the euro area and the EU28
European Parliament vote in favour the legal framework for the European Solidarity Corp
Employment Social review confirms positive trends but highlights needs for skills and and inclusion
New EU rules ensure better protection for 120 million holidaymakers this summer
Euro area unemployment at 8.4%
Commission welcomes agreement between EU Member States on key files for a more social Europe
Euro area job vacancy rate at 2.1% -EU28 rate at 2.2%
New project to tackle youth unemployment in the south Mediterranean region

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