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24/1/2020  
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What is the European Agenda on Migration?


Tackling migration is one of the ten political priorities of this Commission. The European Agenda on Migration develops the political guidelines of President Juncker into tailored initiatives aimed at managing migration better in all its aspects. The Agenda, adopted on 13 May 2015 put forward concrete actions to respond to the immediate crisis and save lives at sea, and proposed structural responses for the medium and long term.
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Migration
The European Commission has been consistently and continuously working for a coordinated European response on the refugees and migration front.

A first implementation package on the European Agenda on Migration was adopted on 27 May including a proposal to trigger for the first time Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union in order to urgently relocate 40,000 asylum seekers for the benefit of Italy and Greece; a Recommendation for a resettlement scheme for 20,000 persons from outside the EU; an Action Plan on Smuggling; and the necessary amendments to the EU Budget to reinforce the Triton and Poseidon operations at sea so that more lives can be saved.

A second implementation package was adopted by the Commission on 9 September, proposing concrete measures to respond to the current refugee crisis and to prepare for future challenges, including:
  • An emergency relocation proposal for 120,000 persons in clear need of international protection from Greece, Hungary and Italy;
  • A crisis relocation mechanism to be inserted into the Dublin Regulation;
  • A common European list of Safe Countries of Origin;
  • Making return policy more effective through a common Return Handbook and an EU Action Plan on Return;
  • A Communication on Public Procurement rules for Refugee Support Measures;
  • A Communication on addressing the external dimension of the refugee crisis;
An Emergency Trust Fund for Africa

The Extraordinary Justice and Home Affairs Council on 14 September adopted the Decision to relocate 40,000 asylum seekers for the benefit of Italy and Greece and held an initial discussion leading also to first progress on the September-package. Interior Ministers meeting today in another Extraordinary Home Affairs Council agreed on the relocation of 120,000 refugees in clear need of international protection from Italy and Greece and other Member States directly affected by the refugee crisis, on the basis of the Commission’s proposal.

An emergency proposal to relocate 120,000 refugees
What did the Commission propose?


On 9 September, the Commission proposed to relocate 120,000 people in clear need of international protection from Italy (15,600), Greece (50,400) and Hungary (54,000). The relocation would be done according to a mandatory distribution key using objective and quantifiable criteria (40% of the size of the population, 40% of the GDP, 10% of the average number of past asylum applications, 10% of the unemployment rate). It applies to nationalities of applicants with an EU-wide average recognition rate of 75% or higher[1]. The European Parliament backed this proposal on 17 September.

This comes in addition to the Commission’s proposal from May to relocate 40,000 people in clear need of international protection from Italy and Greece to other EU Member States, which was adopted by the Extraordinary Home Affairs Council on 14 September.

The EU budget will provide dedicated funding of €780 million to support this scheme. Beneficiary Member States of relocation will get €6000 per relocated person, including a 50% pre-financing rate to ensure that national authorities have means to act very swiftly. Countries benefitting from the relocation will receive €500 for each person relocated to cover transport costs to the Member States of Relocation.

What did Ministers agree on today?

Ministers agreed to the Commission’s proposal to relocate 120,000 people in clear need of international protection during the next two years.

The Commission had initially proposed to relocate 120,000 people from Greece (15,600), Italy (50,400) and Hungary (54,000). As Hungary however does not wish to be included as beneficiary of the emergency relocation scheme, the Council agreed that (an)other Member State(s) confronted with a similarly evolving pressure following a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries could benefit instead. The remaining 54,000 (that under the Commission proposal would have been relocated from Hungary) will after one year also be proportionally relocated from Italy and Greece to other Member States unless the situation on the ground changes justifying that the Commission propose to amend the Council decision in order to include another country/other countries as beneficiaries of the relocation decision.

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1 What are we waiting to boost, link financial / digital education and improve information?
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