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23/5/2019  
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HEALTH
Effect of diets on weight control

Vegetarian diets best for losing weight, new study finds


Veggie favourers have some fresh ammunition in that battle: A new study released in the Journal of General Internal Medicine finds that vegetarian diets are most effective at achieving weight loss. The study, a meta-analysis of 12 separate studies that each compared vegetarian diets to other types of diets, found that on average across the studies, vegetarian dieters lost 2.02 kg more than those on the non-vegetarian diets.
Ibercampus 6/7/2015 Send to a friend
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People on a vegetarian diet, and especially those following a vegan one that includes no animal products, see better results than dieters on other weight-reducing plans. In fact, they can lose around two kilograms more on the short term, says Ru-Yi Huang of E-Da Hospital in Taiwan after reviewing the results of twelve diet trials. The findingsappear in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, published by Springer.

More specifically, the researchers found that the eight studies of vegan diets led to weigh loss of 2.52 kg more than non-vegan diets. It’s worth noting that the studies analysed varied widely in terms of the types of vegetarian and vegan diets as well as the control group diets. The researched looked at 1,151 dieters across the 12 studies, with diets ranging in length between nine and 74 weeks.

The research comes at a time when high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets are back in vogue, and America’s obesity problem is deepening.

Unlike diets like Paleo and Atkins, vegetarian diets tend to emphasise whole grains, and fruits and vegetables, which the study’s authors suggested may help more in weight loss because of their high fiber content and low levels of simple sugars. The healthy fibers in whole grain foods, they noted, can delay the time that it takes for the body to digest and empty of its food, which helps people consume less food overall.

According to Huang, the abundant intake of whole grains, fruits and vegetables might play a role in the favorable results seen in vegetarian diets. Whole-grain products and vegetables generally have low glycemic index values and don’t cause blood sugar levels to spike. Fruits are rich in fiber, antioxidants, minerals and protective chemicals that naturally occur in plants. Whole-grain products contain soluble fiber. Such so-called good fiber helps to delay the speed by which food leaves the stomach and ensures good digestion. It also allows enough nutrients to be absorbed while food moves through the intestines. Several studies have reported that fiber consumption helps with weight loss.

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