This website uses its own and third-party cookies. Some of these cookies are used to develop analytical statistics of visits to the webpage, others to manage advertising or even others are necessary for the correct management of the site. If you continue to browse or click in accept we consider you accept the conditions for their use. You can get more information, or learn how to change the settings in our cookies policy?
Versión Española Versión Mexicana Ibercampus English Version Version française Versione italiana

18/2/2020  
    Ibercampus  | Editorial Board | Who we are | Ideology | Contact | Advertising rates | Subscription | RSS RSS
Policies
Inclusion policies
R&D
Employment
Economics
Culture
Green strategies
Health
Society and consumer
Sports
Debates
Interviews
Education
Grants & internships
Training
Trends
Enterprises & CSR
 Enterprises & CSR
ACNUR
AEGON
AIR LIQUIDE
ALCATEL-LUCENT
ALLIANZ
ARCELORMITTAL
ASIFIN
ASSICURAZIONI GENERALI
AXA
BANCO SANTANDER
BASF
BAYER
BBVA
BNP PARIBAS
CARREFOUR
DAIMLER AG
DEUTSCHE BANK
DEUTSCHE BÖRSE
DEUTSCHE TELEKOM
E.ON
ENEL
ENI
FORTIS
FRANCE TÉLÉCOM
GROUPE DANONE
IBERDROLA
INDITEX
ING GROUP
INTESA SANPAOLO
L'ORÉAL
LVMH
MUNICH RE
NOKIA
PHILIPS
RENAULT
REPSOL YPF
RWE
SAINT GOBAIN
SANOFI-AVENTIS
SAP AG
SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC
SIEMENS AG
SOCIÉTÉ GÉNÉRALE
SUEZ
TELECOM ITALIA
TELEFÓNICA
TOTAL S.A.
UNICREDIT
UNILEVER
VINCI
VIVENDI
VOLKSWAGEN

SOCIETY AND CONSUMER
Spanish National University of Distance Education (UNED)

Study analyses how to identify and prevent humiliation emotions


Research by the Spanish National University of Distance Education (UNED) argues in a study published by the journal ´Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin´ that thoughts triggered by humiliation and its predisposed behaviour differ significantly from those of shame and anger.
Ibercampus 9/6/2015 Send to a friend
Comparte esta noticia en TwitterFacebookTwitterdel.icio.usYahooRSS
Humiliation is one of the least-studied emotions in psychology and there is little consensus on how it differs from other related emotions. 

“Humiliation is an emotion which, although similar to shame (both share the acceptance that there is something intrinsically negative in the self), differs from it in a crucial aspect: humiliation involves considering the devaluation of the self as unjust. The perception of being a victim of an injustice makes humiliation closer to anger,” Saulo Fernández, social psychology lecturer at UNED and main researcher of this study, tells SINC.

Therefore, humiliation is an emotion in which the person accepts or interiorizes a devaluation of the self which, paradoxically, they perceive as unjust or has been caused by an unjust action of others.

Another conclusion of the research is that humiliation predisposes two antagonistic types of behaviour: flight (typical of shame) and confrontation (typical of anger). “This is due to the base of humiliation having cognitive valuations that are typical of both emotions,” says the expert.

Confront angrily or accept the debasement

The studies presented by the scientists are based on two different and complementary methodologies. “In the first study, 540 UNED students were presented with a scenario which described how a university lecturer strongly devalued the work done by a first-year student,” explains Fernández.

The variables observed were: acceptance of the devaluation of the self; valuation of the lecturer’s actions as just or unjust; awareness of the event, i.e. whether the student thought that the whole class knew or just the lecturer and themselves knew, and lastly, the status of the lecturer (whether the student held the lecturer in high or low regard).

Each participant read one of the 16 scenarios proposed by the researchers (arising from the combination of the four variables mentioned above). Then, each participant was asked how they thought the student would feel (anger, shame, embarrassment or humiliation) and how they thought they would act (confronting or avoiding the lecturer).

“What we saw was that the valuations of acceptance and fairness are key to predicting humiliation and in differentiating this emotion from shame, anger and embarrassment,” stresses the researcher.

As expected, the participants considered that the student would feel more humiliation when the scenario that they had read combined injustice with acceptance by the individual of the humiliating situation. Awareness of the event, i.e. that the rest of the classmates knew about it, also influences in the degree of humiliation expected, but this valuation is not key to differentiating between humiliation and shame.

Humiliation, shame and anger

In the second study the participants (150 UNED students) were divided into three groups: humiliation, shame and anger.

“First of all we asked them all to write anonymously about an autobiographical episode in which the dominant emotion had been humiliation, shame or anger. Afterwards they had to answer a questionnaire which included measures about how they had considered the situation and how they had acted,” says Fernández.

What they found was that the participants who were in the ‘humiliation’ group scored highly in the valuation measures of acceptance of the self and of injustice, those in the ‘shame’ group scored highly in the acceptance of the self and low in considering it an injustice, and those in the ‘anger’ group scored highly in the valuation of the injustice and low in acceptance of the devaluation.

In terms of the behaviour, the participants in the ‘humiliation’ group scored highly in the measures linked to behaviour of flight and confrontation, while those in the ‘shame’ and ‘anger’ groups only scored highly in the type of behaviour traditionally associated with the emotions of flight (the ‘shame’ group) and confrontation (the ‘anger’ group).

According to the researcher, the work deepens the understanding of this complex emotion, which can help therapists and other professionals to better understand victims of humiliation.

Source: SINC

Other issues Society and consumer
Sassy Science, the world´s first drag queen to popularise science
European Parliament approves more transparency and efficiency in its internal rules
Recalling happy memories during adolescence can reduce risk of depression
Happy older people live longer, say researchers
Bad behavior to significant other in tough times has more impact than positive gestures
300 participants join the European Validation Festival
European Youth Forum urges Member States to reach an agreement on working conditions
Europe discusses AI ethical and social impact with philosophical and non-confessional organisations
Commission proposes €1.26 billion to reinforce the European Solidarity Corps
A new study provides "strong evidence" that more time spent in education is a risk factor for myopia

Subscribe free to our newsletter
Vanity Fea
Cooperate with people who cooperate
José Ángel García Landa
We can all be leaders
VIDEOCOMMUTING A NEW ORGANIZATIONAL REALITY THAT POSITIVELY IMPACTS EMPLOYEES
Mar Souto Romero
Financial inclusion
Financial Education For All!
Carlos Trias
Brusselian Lights
European elections (I): which words are more used in the European political manifestos?
Raúl Muriel Carrasco
Humor and Political Communication
Comisión de Arbitraje, Quejas y Deontología (Spain) (3) You can´t be too careful
Felicísimo Valbuena
Want your own blog? Want to be read by universities?
Find out here
Books
"Tthe study of human behaviour was political from the beginning"
The EU "An Obituary"
Startup Cities "Why Only a Few Cities Dominate the Global Startup Scene"
Blockchain Revolution "How the Technology Behind Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Is Changing the World "
Doughnut Economics "Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist "
The People vs Tech "How the Internet Is Killing Democracy"
Theses and dissertations
1 Cooperate with people who cooperate
Legal Advise | Privacy Policy | Editorial Board | Who we are | Ideology | Contact | Advertising rates | RSS RSS