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Artculos 151 a 175 de 464
The brightest distant galaxy

Astronomers show the best observational evidence of first generation stars in the universe

A team of astronomers has now used ESOs Very Large Telescope to peer back into the ancient Universe, to a period known as reionisation, approximately 800 million years after the Big Bang. Instead of conducting a deep study of a small area of the sky, they broadened their scope to produce the widest survey of very distant galaxiever attempted. Leer ms

University of Copenhagen

Lack of sleep affects long-term health, study finds

New research from the University of Copenhagen has found that maintaining a good nights sleep is important for our future health, partly because of how it affects lifestyle factors. Previous population based studies have not provided sufficient information on the timing of changes in both sleep and lifestyle to tease out cause and effect relations of this highly intertwined relationship. Leer ms

Research review process

Scientist claims that the review of scientific studies in journals sometimes may subjective

Peer reviews in science, in which independent scientists who are experts on the subject assess the paper, is the current strategy for ensuring quality and control in scientific research and, therefore, it is essential for the academic world. However, a study led by the Portuguese, Catarina Ferreira, uncovers why this system frequently receives harsh criticism about its effectiveness and transparency, and she proposes alternatives to improve it. Leer ms

European University Association (EUA)

Europe announce agreement is a mixed bag for Universities and Research

The European institutions announced that they reached an agreement on the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) in the last round of the so-called "trilogue" discussions. The new financial instrument, which aims to boost growth and jobs in the EU, will be backed by a guarantee partly financed from the EU budget. Leer ms

Internet of Things

EU and Japan strengthen research and innovation collaboration

With the new 5G agreement, the EU will join forces with Japan to cope with the increasing need for wireless Internet and complement current efforts to create a Digital Single Market in Europe. The agreement will allow EU and Japan to work towards a common understanding and standards of 5G, identify new harmonised radio band frequencies for 5G spectrum and cooperate on future 5G applications in areas like connected cars or e-health.  Leer ms


New free online system able to analyse the images from a magnetic resonance of the brain

Researchers of the Universitat Politcnica de Valncia (Spain) and the National Center for Scientific Research (France) have developed Volbrain. The system enables worldwide scientists to obtain key cerebral information in order to advance in the research on neural pathologies. It provides information on the tissue volume in the intracranial cavity, as well as the cerebral hemispheres, the cerebellum and the brain stem. Leer ms

The company has signed a five-year research alliance

Philips establishes alliance with MIT

Dutch company Philips is heading to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge. The company has signed a five-year research alliance with the university and is moving its U.S. R&D headquarters to Cambridge, Mass. from its current headquarters in Westchester County, New York where its been for the last 67 years. Leer ms

Model explains how they form their routes

New study finds that ants movements hides a mathematical pattern

When ants go exploring in search of food they end up choosing collective routes that fit statistical distributions of probability. This has been demonstrated by a team of mathematicians after analysing the trails of a species of Argentine ant. Studies like this could be applied to coordinate the movement of micro-robots in cleaning contaminated areas for example. Leer ms

Implications of sleep-loss risk

Research shows sleep loss impedes decision making in crisis

The difference between life and death in the operating room, on the battlefield or during a police shootout often comes down to the ability to adapt to the unexpected. Sleep deprivation may make it difficult to do so, according to a Washington State University study published this month in the journal Sleep. Leer ms

Innovation Union Scoreboard 2015

Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Finland, the four countries that invest most in innovation

The European Commissions Innovation Union Scoreboard 2015 reveals that the EUs overall level of innovation has remained stable. However, the crisis has left an impact on the private sectors innovative activity: the number of innovative firms is in decline, as are SMEs innovations, patent applications, exports of high-tech products, venture capital investments and sales of innovative products Leer ms

University of Valladolid (Spain)

A neural network model predicts whether a bank can go bust

The learning mechanism of neurones has inspired researchers at the University of Valladolid (Spain) to create algorithms that can predict whether a bank will go bust. The model was correct for 96% of the banks that went bust in the USA in 2013 after analysing their financial indicators from the previous decade, marked by the economic crisis. The most vulnerable were those which had accumulated loans from the construction sector and grown rapidly without sufficient provisions. Leer ms

More compact and accurate than previous versions

Ultra-sensitive sensor detects individual electrons

A Spanish-led team of European researchers at the University of Cambridge has created an electronic device so accurate that it can detect the charge of a single electron in less than one microsecond. It has been dubbed the gate sensor and could be applied in quantum computers of the future to read information stored in the charge or spin of a single electron. Leer ms

Clonal reproduction

Evolution puts checks on virgin births

Researchers at the at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) found that in species where females have evolved the ability to reproduce without males relatively recently, fertilization is still ensuring the survival of the maximum number of healthy offspring and thus males are still needed. Leer ms

Female candidates ranked higher

Women more likely than men to get jobs at university science departments

A new study suggests that female candidates are twice as likely as men to gain tenure-track positions in science-related university departments, all other things being equal. Leer ms

Spanish churches

Heating can damage the artistic heritage, study finds

The antiquated heating systems in many Spanish churches create abrupt variations in temperature and humidity which can negatively affect the conservation of its artistic heritage, especially in tall ceiling areas. Also, as the heat rises, it takes time for the parishioners below to feel comfortable after the heating systems are turned on. These are the findings of an analysis conducted on a church in Madrid by researchers from the Institute of Geosciences (UCM-CSIC). Leer ms

Threats which will affect polar bears n the next 20 years

Scientists evaluate the health conditions of polar bears

Rhe polar bear (Ursus maritimus), one of the largest carnivorous mammals on Earth, is being made vulnerable by the series of dangers it faces. An international team has established a guide to evaluate the condition of its health and although the polar bears biggest threat is climate change, plastic pollution and environmental contaminants in its habitat are starting to affect its endocrine system and reproduction. Leer ms

Skin tone, light, movement to monitor vital signs

Researchers develop a system to monitor patients vital signs by analyzing changes in skin color

Rice University researchers are developing a highly accurate, touch-free system that uses a video camera to monitor patients vital signs just by looking at their faces. Doctors can monitor their patients vital signs through video by analyzing subtle changes in skin color. New software by Rice University engineers improves the technique by keying on regions of the face to help compensate for different skin tones, changes in lighting and movement. Leer ms

For leisure activities or security crisis situations

A new jacket can multiply mobile devices uploading speed

A patent held by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) makes a jacket able to increase by tenfold the speed at which mobile devices can upload content. This is the MIMO HUB patent, which enables its jacket, in which numerous antennas are camouflaged, to connect to any mobile terminal in order to increase its data transfer speed, reduce its energy consumption and improve its reliability. Leer ms

Thermal Grill Effect

Crossing your fingers might reduce pain, says study

Scientists find that crossing the fingers can confuse the way the brain processes sensations - reducing pain in some cases. A study has found that crossing the fingers can confuse the way the brain processes feelings of hot, cold and pain in some cases reducing painful sensations. Leer ms

Annual "discharge" procedure

European Institute of Innovation and Technology and ITER project fail 2013 discharge test

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) and four EU/private new-technology partnerships must do more to show that their EU funds for 2013 were well spent before the European Parliament approves their accounts, said Budgetary Control Committee MEPs on Monday. Leer ms

Turtles in Europe during the Jurassic Period

First European sea turtles became extinct due to changing sea levels

In 2009 a team of scientists found the remains of what was, until then, the oldest turtle species in southern Europe at 160 million years old. But by reinterpreting the fossils, a Spanish researcher has proved that it is not a new species, but a group of very diverse turtles in Europe during the Jurassic Period, which disappeared due to changing sea levels. Leer ms

University of Geneva

Researchers explain how chameleons change color

According to a team of scientists at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, chameleons shift color through active tuning of a lattice of nanocrystals within a thick layer of dermal cells called iridophores. Leer ms

Magnetic reconnection

NASA spacecraft in Earths orbit, preparing to study magnetic reconnection

Following a successful launch of NASAs four Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft are positioned in Earths orbit to begin the first space mission dedicated to the study of a phenomenon called magnetic reconnection. This process is thought to be the catalyst for some of the most powerful explosions in our solar system. Leer ms

"Important corrective actions"

Human Brain Project (HBP) needs quick reform, according to an independent review

Europes flagship 1 billion Human Brain Project (HBP) needs quick reform, according to an independent review published by the Commission. "Important corrective actions" must be taken if the project is to continue meeting its objectives, the review says. Leer ms

More innovative topics

Young researchers are much more creative than older scientists, study finds

Analysis of millions of papers finds that junior biomedical researchers tend to work on more innovative topics than their senior colleagues do. Young researchers are much more likely than older scientists to study exciting innovative topics, according to a text analysis of more than 20 million biomedical papers published over the past 70 years. More-senior researchers are more likely to publish in hot areas when they are supervising a younger scientist. Leer ms
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